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            2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空

            發布于 2018-05-11 16:40  編輯:Ywen
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            2018年考研英語一真題——完型填空


            Section I Use of English

            Directions:

            Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)


            考研英語.png


            Trust is a tricky business. On the one hand, it's a necessary condition _1_ many worthwhile things: child care, friendships, etc. On the other hand, putting your _2_, in the wrong place often carries a high _3_.


            _4_, why do we trust at all? Well, because it feels good. _5_ people place their trust in an individual or an institution, their brains release oxytocin, a hormone that _6_ pleasurable feelings and triggers the herding instruct that prompts humans to _7_ with one another. Scientists have found that exposure _8_ this hormone puts us in a trusting _9_: In a Swiss study, researchers sprayed oxytocin into the noses of half the subjects; those subjects were ready to lend significantly higher amounts of money to strangers than were their _10_ who inhaled something else.


            _11_ for us, we also have a sixth sense for dishonesty that may _12_ us. A Canadian study found that children as young as 14 months can differentiate _13_ a credible person and a dishonest one. Sixty toddlers were each _14_ to an adult tester holding a plastic container. The tester would ask, “What’s in here?” before looking into the container, smiling, and exclaiming, “Wow!” Each subject was then invited to look _15_. Half of them found a toy; the other half _16_ the container was empty-and realized the tester had _17_ them.


            Among the children who had not been tricked, the majority were _18_ to cooperate with the tester in learning a new skill, demonstrating that they trusted his leadership. _19_, only five of the 30 children paired with the “_20_”tester participated in a follow-up activity.


            (1).____

            A. on

            B. like

            C. for

            D. from

            參考答案:B


            (2). ____

            A. faith

            B. concern

            C. attention

            D. interest

            參考答案:C


            (3). ____

            A. benefit

            B. debt

            C. hope

            D. price

            參考答案:B


            (4). ____

            A. Therefore

            B. Then

            C. Instead

            D. Again

            參考答案:D


            (5). ____

            A.Until

            B. Unless

            C. Although

            D. When

            參考答案:A


            (6).____

            A.selects

            B.produces

            C.applies

            D. maintains

            參考答案:C


            (7).____

            A. consult

            B. compete

            C. connect

            D. compare

            參考答案:A


            (8). ____

            A. at

            B. by

            C.of

            D.to

            參考答案:B


            (9).____

            A. context

            B. mood

            C. period

            D. circle

            參考答案:D


            (10).____

            A. counterparts

            B. substitutes

            C. colleagues

            D.supporters

            參考答案:A


            (11).____

            A. Funny

            B. Lucky

            C. Odd

            D. Ironic

            參考答案:C


            (12).____

            A. monitor

            B. protect

            C. surprise

            D. delight

            參考答案:A


            (13).____

            A. between

            B. within

            C. toward

            D. over

            參考答案:D


            (14).____

            A. transferred

            B. added

            C. introduced

            D. entrusted

            參考答案:C


            (15).____

            A. out

            B. back

            C. around

            D. Inside

            參考答案:B


            (16).____

            A. discovered

            B. proved

            C. insisted

            D. .remembered

            參考答案:D


            (17).____

            A. betrayed

            B.wronged

            C. fooled

            D. mocked

            參考答案:A


            (18).____

            A. forced

            B. willing

            C. hesitant

            D. entitled

            參考答案:B


            (19).____

            A. In contrast

            B. As a result

            C. On the whole

            D. For instance

            參考答案:D


            (20).____

            A. inflexible

            B. incapable

            C. unreliable

            D. unsuitable

            參考答案:C


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