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            • 所屬考試大學英語六級試題庫
            • 試題題型【聽力 Section A】
            Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
            • A.University systems vary from country to country.
            • B.Efficiency is essential to university management.
            • C.It is hard to say which is better, a public university or a private one.
            • D.Many private university in the U.S. are actually large bureaucracies.
            • 解題思路:對話最后男士得出結論:很難說公立大學和私立大學哪一個更好,因此,C 項為正確答案。
            • A.His view on Canadian universities.
            • B.His understanding of higher education.
            • C. His suggestions for improvements in higher education.
            • D.His complaint about bureaucracy in American universities.
            • 解題思路:對話一開頭女士就請 Frederick 解釋對于加拿大的大學的看法,由此可知,女士是想讓 Frederick 討論他對加拿大的大學的看法。A 項的表述與女士的意思一致,故為正確答案。
            • A.The United States and Canada can learn from each other.
            • B.Public universities are often superior to private universities.
            • C.Everyone should be given equal access to higher education.
            • D.Private schools work more efficiently than public institutions.
            • 解題思路:對話中女士說在美國有一個問題,就是通常只有有錢人家的孩子才能上最好的學校,男士對此表示贊同,并且講到不能給予每個人平等的教育機會確實是個問題。由此看來,他們都認為每個人都應該被給予平等的機會去接受高等教育,故選 C 項。
            • A.It is well designed.
            • B.It is rather inflexible.
            • C.It varies among universities.
            • D.It has undergone great changes.
            • 解題思路:對話中男士說到在加拿大,教育部負責設計大學的課程,沒有太多靈活變通的空間,也就是說加拿大的大學課程是相當不靈活的。B 項中的 rather inflexible 是錄音原文中 not much room for flexibility 的同義替換,故為正確答案。
            • 參考答案:C,A,C,B
            • 解題思路:

                      W: Hello, I'm here with Frederick. Now Fred, you went to university in Canada?

                M: Yeah, that's right.

                W: OK, and you have very strong views about universities in Canada. Could you please explain?

                M: Well, we don't have private universities in Canada. They’re all public. All the universities are owned by the government, so there is the Ministry of Education in charge of creating the curriculum for the universities and so there is not much room for flexibility. Since it's a government operated institution, things don't move very fast. If you want something to be done, then their staff do not have so much incentive to help you because he's a worker for the government. So I don't think it's very efficient. However, there are certain advantages of public universities, such as the fees being free. You don't have to pay for your education. But the system isn't efficient, and it does not work that well.

                W: Yeah, I can see your point, but in the United States we have many private universities, and I think they are large bureaucracies also. Maybe people don't act that much differently, because it’s the same thing working for a private university. They get paid for their job. I don’t know if they're that much more motivated to help people. Also, we have a problem in the United States that usually only wealthy kids go to the best schools and it's kind of a problem actually.

                M: I agree with you. I think it's a problem because you're not giving equal access to education to everybody. It’s not easy, but having only public universities also might not be the best solution. Perhaps we can learn from Japan where they have a system of private and public universities. Now, in Japan, public universities are considered to be the best.

                W: Right. It's the exact opposite in the United States.

                M: So, as you see, it's very hard to say which one is better.

                W: Right, a good point.

                Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

                Q5: What does the woman want Frederick to talk about?

                Q6: What does the man say about the curriculum in Canadian universities?

                Q7: On what point do the speakers agree?

                Q8: What point does the man make at the end of the conversation?