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            微信刷題,考證常用
            • 所屬考試大學英語六級試題庫
            • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section A】
            試題內容
                Although malaria ( 瘧疾 ) deaths have fallen worldwide over the last decade,health leaders warned of a small but rising threat in parts of Southeast Asia, where anti-malaria drug resistance is confusing 1. Four countries--Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailandand Vietnam--make up an "epicenter to malarial drug resistance," said Robert Newman,the2of the World Health Organization's Global Malaria Program.
                Researchers have found that people in the Southeast Asia region have 3 highrates of resistance to artemisinin-based ( 以青蒿素為基礎的 ) combination therapies,which are considered the best ways to treat the most deadly of the four types of parasitesthat 4 malaria in humans. It's a problem without a clear fix, even though malariadeaths in those countries have continued to5, he said.
                The cases represent only a tiny portion of malaria cases worldwide, but neverthelessrequire "more attention because history has taught us what happens if these cases get outof control," Newman said. Keeping drug resistance from 6 Africa is also critical, headded.
                The transmission of malaria across borders could be a factor. Insufficient regulationand inappropriate use of drugs also7, Newman said, giving the example ofpatients who stop using the medication after a few days because they start to feel better.
                Substandard or counterfeit ( 假冒的 ) medicines may play a role because they containenough of the right 8 to kill some of the infectious parasites, but not enough to killother bad strains.
                Drug resistance was a small but9 part of the World Health Organization's 2013 World Malaria Report. Global leaders in combating malaria identified problems in testingand reporting accurate estimates, but said that a lack of funding was the single greatestthreat to10eradicating malaria. 
            A.accurately   
            B.appropriate   
            C.cause    
            D.contribute  
            E.decline 
            F.director 
            G.eventually 
            H.experts 
            I.ingredients 
            J.patients 
            K.perplexing 
            L.reaching 
            M.resistance 
            N. St surprisingly 
            O.treating 
            1.[選詞填空]
              • 解題思路:結合整個句子,根據空格前的that和空格后的malaria inhumans可以判斷,that引導了一個定語從句,修飾限定先行詞parasites,定語從句中缺少謂語動詞,故此處需要填入一個動詞,根據上下文可知,此處是指引起人類瘧疾的四種類型的寄生蟲。備選詞匯中只有cause“引起,造成”符合語境,故選C。
              2.[選詞填空]
                • 解題思路:根據空格前的Insufficient regulation and inappropriate useof drugs also可以判斷,該句缺少一個謂語動詞,由于本段都是對客觀事實的描述,因此動詞用一般現在時。本段提到阻礙防治瘧疾的幾個影響因素,該空格所需動詞應該和could be a factor,may play a role表示相同的意義,備選詞匯中只有contribute“促成”與之關聯,故選D。
                3.[選詞填空]
                  • 解題思路:此處空格所在的句子結構完整,再根據空格后的eradicating malaria可以判斷,此處需要填人一個副詞修飾動詞eradicate,而備選詞匯中修飾動詞“根除”的副詞只有eventually“最終地”最為恰當,故選G。
                  4.[選詞填空]
                    • 解題思路:根據空格前的定冠詞the和空格后的介詞短語of theWorld Health Organization’S Global Malaria Program可以判斷,此處需要填人一個名詞,再由前面的said Robert Newman可知,此處是Robert Newman的同位語,表明其職位,備選詞匯中只有director“主任,主管”表職位,故選F。
                    5.[選詞填空]
                      • 解題思路:根據空格前的small but可以判斷,此處需要填入一個形容詞。空格所在句子提到耐藥性是《2013年世界瘧疾報告》中的一小部分問題。 但是文章第一段提到anti—malaria drug resistance is confusin9…可見這個問題是難以解決的,備選詞匯中只有perplexin9“令人費解的”符合語境,故選K。
                      6.[選詞填空]
                        • 解題思路:根據空格前的keep…from可以判斷,此處需要填入一個動詞的現在分詞形式。上文提到盡管抗瘧疾藥耐藥性僅是東南亞小范圍內的問題,但卻需要更多的關注,以控制這種情況。空格所在句子是進一步的補充,指出同樣關鍵的是防治這種耐藥性擴散到非洲。備選詞匯中只有reaching符合語境,故選L。
                        7.[選詞填空]
                          • 解題思路:根據空格前的is confusing可以判斷,此處需要填入一個名詞作confuse的賓語。空格所在句子提到衛生組織領導者警告說東南亞部分地區出現小范圍但持續上升的威脅,那里抗瘧疾藥耐藥性令……困惑不解。備選名詞中,只有experts和patients符合語境。但是,只令患者困惑不解的疾病稱不上嚴重,只有連醫學專家都感到困惑的疾病才是可怕的。因此,experts更符合語境,故選H。
                          8.[選詞填空]
                            • 解題思路:根據空格前的have continued to可以判斷,此處需要填入一個動詞。第一段中提到malaria deaths,指出過去十年全球瘧疾死亡人數持續下降,由此可判斷,空格所在句子中所說的這四個國家的瘧疾死亡人數也是持續下降的。備選詞匯中只有decline“下降”符合語境,故選E。
                            9.[選詞填空]
                              • 解題思路:根據空格前的have和空格后的high rates可以判斷,此處需要填入一個副詞來修飾形容詞high。空格所在句子提到,研究者發現東南亞地區對以青蒿素為基礎的聯合療法的耐藥性很高。備選詞匯中只有surprisingly“令人驚訝地”符合語境.故詵N。
                              10.[選詞填空]
                                • 解題思路:根據空格前的the right可以判斷,此處需要填入一個名詞。空格所在句子提到不合格藥品和假藥含有殺滅致病寄生蟲的成分,備選詞匯中只有ingredients“成分,原料”符合語境,故選I。
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                                • 參考答案:C,D,G,F,K,L,H,E,N,I
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