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            • 所屬考試公共英語三級試題庫
            • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section A】

                Students of United States history, seeking to identify the circumstances that encouraged the emergence of feminist movements, have thoroughly investigated the mid-nineteenth-century American economic and social condition that affected the status of women. These historians, however, have analyzed less fully the development of specifically feminist ideas and activities during the same period. Furthermore, the ideological origins of feminism in the United State have been obscured because, even when historians did take into account those feminist ideas and activities occurring within the United States, they failed to recognize that feminism was then a truly international movement actually centered in Europe. American feminist activists who have been described as “solitary” and “individual theorists” were in reality connected to a movement — utopian socialism — which was already popularizing feminist ideas in Europe during the two decades that culminated in the first women’s rights conference held at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. Thus, a complete understanding of the origins and development of nineteenth-century feminism in the United States requires that the geographical focus be widened to include Europe and that the detailed study already made of social conditions be expanded to include the ideological development of feminism.

              The earliest and most popular of the utopian socialists were the Saint-Simonians. The specifically feminist part of Saint-Simonianism has, however, been less studied than the group’s contribution to early socialism. This is regrettable on two counts. By 1832 feminism was the central concern of Saint-Simonianism and entirely absorbed its adherents’ energy; hence, by ignoring its feminism, European historians have misunderstood Saint-Simonianism. Moreover, since many feminist ideas can be traced to saint-simonianism European historians’ appreciation of later feminism in France and the United States remained limited.

              Saint-Simon’s followers, many of whom were women, based their feminism on an interpretation of his project to reorganize the globe by replacing brute force with the rule of spiritual powers. The new world order would be ruled together by a male, to represent reflection, and a female, to represent sentiment. This complementarity reflects the fact that, while the Saint-Simonians did not reject the belief that there were innate differences between men and women, they nevertheless foresaw an equally important social and political role for both sexes in their utopia.

              Only a few Saint-Simonians opposed a definition of sexual equality based on gender distinction. This minority believe that individuals of both sexes were born similar in capacity and character, and they ascribed male-female differences to socialization and education. The envisioned result of both currents of thought, however, was that women would enter public life in the new age and that sexual equality would reward men as well as women with an improved way of life.

            1.[單選題]According to the text, which of the following would be the most accurate description of the society envisioned by most Saint-Simonians?
            • A.A society in which women were highly regarded for their extensive education.
            • B. A society in which the two genders played complementary roles and had equal status.
            • C.A society in which women did not enter public life.
            • D.A social order in which a body of men and women would rule together on the basis of their spiritual power.
            • 解題思路:這是一道反推題。通過本題題干中的“most Saint-Simonians”可將本題的答案信息來源迅速確定在尾段的第一句。根據尾段第一句進行反推即逆向思維,可得出本題的正確答案是B。考生在解題時一定要時時牢記反推題型,并且經常利用自己的逆向思維能力。
            2.[單選題]It can be inferred from the text that the Saint-Simonians envisioned a utopian society having which of the following characteristics?
            • A.It would be worldwide.
            • B.It would emphasize dogmatic religious principles.
            • C. It would most influence the United States.
            • D.It would have armies composed of women rather than of men.
            • 解題思路:這是一道審題定位題。從本題題干中的“envisioned”(設想,預想)一詞可將本題的答案信息來源迅速確定在倒數第二段第一句和第二句,因為倒數第二段第一句含有“project”(計劃,規劃)一詞,倒數第二段第二句含有表示未來的“would”一詞。通過仔細閱讀倒數第二段的第一、二句話,發現這兩句話都包含“globe”或“world”,可見本題的正確選項應該是A。考生在解題時一定要善于利用題干中的詞語迅速而準確地進行審題定位。
            3.[單選題]The author’s attitude toward European historians who have studied the Saint-Simonians is primarily one of
            • A.approval of the specific focus of their research.
            • B.disapproval of their lack of attention to the issue that absorbed most of the Saint-Simonians’ energy after 1832.
            • C.approval of their general focus on social conditions.
            • D.disapproval of their lack of attention to links between the Saint-Simonians and their American counterparts.
            • 解題思路:本題是一道細節推導題。根據本題題干中的“European historians”可將本題的答案信息來源迅速確定在第二段第四句,通過閱讀本句分號前后的內容,可以推導出作者的態度是否定的,其否定原因是第二段第四句分號前半部分所表達的內容。本題的正確答案應該是B。考生在解題時一定要注意原文細節的推導,尤其是分句之間存在因果關系的時候。
            4.[單選題] It can be inferred that the author consider those historians who describe early feminists in the United States as “solitary” to be
            • A.insufficiently familiar with the international origins of nineteenth-century American feminist thought.
            • B.overly concerned with the regional diversity of feminist ideas in the period before 1848.
            • C.not focused narrowly enough in their geographical scope.
            • D. insufficiently aware of the ideological consequences of the Seneca Falls conference.
            • 解題思路:本題是一道標點符號題。通過本題題干中的“solitary”一詞可將本題的答案信息中心確定在第一段第十行即第一段第四句話,通過仔細閱讀和理解本句話以及本句前后的兩句話,可以得出本題的正確選項A。其實美國的女權主義運動者并不“孤單”(solitary),因為她們的思想和行動是和歐洲大陸的女權主義者有著千絲萬縷的聯系,是國際女權運動的一部分。考生在解題時要善于理解標點符號,更要善于對原文的細節進行推導。
            5.[單選題]The author mentions all of the following as characteristic of the Saint-Simonians EXCEPT
            • A.The group included many women among its members.
            • B.The group believed in a world that would be characterized by sexual equality.
            • C.The group was among the earliest European socialist groups.
            • D. Most members believed that women and men were inherently similar in ability and character.
            • 解題思路:這是一道歸納推導題。但是本題的題干確沒有明確給出本題在原文中的準確信息來源。這時考生就會迷失答題思路。請同學們一定要記住:每當自己迷失答題思路時,一定要多想一想全文的中心主旨句和每段的主題句,這會幫助考生尋找到解題的思路。本題的正確答案應該是D,因為選項D所表達的內容和本文尾段第一、二句所表達的內容相反。選項A、B、C的內容分別在第三段第一句、第三段第二句以及第二段首句涉及。考生在解題時一定要牢記段落主題句。
            • 參考答案:B,A,B,A,D