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            • 所屬考試大學英語六級試題庫
            • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
                Before 1999 London had just one regular contemporary art fair, remembers WillRamsay, boss of the expanding Affordable Art Fair. This year around 20 will be held inBritain, mostly in the capital. Roughly 90 will take place worldwide. The success of largerevents such as Frieze, which started in London, has stimulated the growth of smallerfairs specialising in craft work, ceramics and other things. Artl4, which started last year,specialises in less well-known international galleries, showing art from Sub-SaharanAfrica, South Korea and Hong Kong.
                One explanation for the boom is the overall growth of the modern-art market. Four-fifths of all art sold at auction worldwide last year was from the 20th or 21st century,according to Artprice, a database. As older art becomes harder to buy--much of it islocked up in museums--demand for recent works is rising.
                London's art market in particular has been boosted by an influx ( 流 入 ) of richimmigrants from Russia, China and the Middle East. "When I started 23 years ago Ihad not a single non- Western foreign buyer," says Kenny Schachter, an art dealer. "It'sa different world now." And London's new rich buy art differently. They often spendlittle time in the capital and do not know it well. Traipsing ( 游 艇) around individualgalleries is inconvenient. The mall-like set-up of a fair is much more suitable.
                Commercial galleries used to rely on regular visits from rich Britons seeking tofurnish their stately ( 富 麗堂皇的 ) homes. The new art buyers have no such loyalty.
                People now visit galleries mainly to go to events and to be seen, says Alan Cristea, agallery owner on Cork Street in Mayfair.
                Some galleries are feeling squeezed. Bernard Jaeobson runs a gallery opposite Mr.Cristea. The changing art market reminds him of when his father, a chemist, was eclipsedby Boots, a pharmaceutical chain, in the 1960s. Seven galleries in Cork Street relocatedthis month to make way for a redevelopment; five more may follow later this year.
                Yet the rise of the fairs means galleries no longer require prime real estate, thinksSarah Monk of the London Art Fair. With an international clientele, many can work onlineor from home. Although some art fairs still require their exhibitors to have a gallery space,increasingly these are small places outside central London or beyond the city altogether.
            One gallery owner says few rich customers ever visit his shop in south London. He makesall his contacts at the booths he sets up at fairs, which might be twice the size of his store.
                "It's a little like fishing," he explains. "You move to where the pike is."
            1.[單選題]Why the demand for recent art works is rising?
            • A.The modem-art market is overall growing.
            • B.More and more modem art works were sold at auction.
            • C.The older art becomes more difficult to buy.
            • D.Most of the recent art works are locked up in musetums.
            • 解題思路:根據題干中的the demand for recent art定位到原文第二段。該段中提到,較古老的藝術品越來越難買到——它們大多成了博物館藏品——所以人們對當代藝術品的需求正不斷增長,故選C。
            2.[單選題]How do London's new rich buy art?
            • A.They spend lots of time in London for art works.
            • B.They often visit around individual galleries.
            • C.They prefer visiting mall-like art fairs.
            • D.They go to galleries for works to furnish their homes.
            • 解題思路:根據題干中的London’s new rich buy art定位到原文第三段。第三段中提到,他們通常不在倫敦生活,對倫敦知之甚少。對他們而言,倘佯于一個個畫廊之間極為不便。像購物中心一樣布局的藝博會太適合他們了,故選C。
            3.[單選題]How do you understand "Some galleries are feeling squeezead' (Line 1, Para.5)?
            • A.Some galleries are seeing opportunities.
            • B.Some galleries are facing difficulties.
            • C.Some galleries are becoming smaller.
            • D.Some galleries are dying down.
            • 解題思路:根據題干中的Some galleries are feeling squeezed定位到原文第五段。 該段中提到,一家畫廊老板講述了他父親的藥房被連鎖藥店擊垮的故事,現在的畫廊也處于相同的壓力之下。因此,首句意為“一些畫廊感受到了壓力”。feelsqueezed意為“感到壓力、困難”,故選B.
            4.[單選題]What does the rise of the art fairs bring about?
            • A.More galleries have to set up in prime real estate.
            • B.Less galleries work online or from home.
            • C.Galleries need no space or only need smaller places.
            • D.More rich customers visit galleries outside central London.
            • 解題思路:根據題干中的the rise ofthe art fairs定位到原文第六段。該段介紹藝博會興起帶來的影響。第一句提到藝博會的興起意味著畫廊不再需要開在城市的黃金地段了;第二句提到許多畫廊在網上或家里開店;第三句提到即使藝博會要求參展畫廊擁有實體店鋪,這些店鋪也僅僅需要很小的空間、可以在偏遠的地段;第四句提到富有的顧客很少去倫敦南部的畫廊買藝術品。四個選項中只有C項表述符合原文,故選C。
            5.[單選題]What can we know about Frieze?
            • A.It is a relatively small art fair.
            • B.It originated in 1999.
            • C.It shows the arts from less well-known galleries
            • D.It fosters smaller fairs
            • 解題思路:根據題干中的Frieze定位到原文第一段。該段中提到,弗里茲藝博會促進了……小型藝博會的發展,故選D。
            • 參考答案:C,C,B,C,D